The gallbladder is responsible for storing bile. Through fat breakdown, bile is beneficial to the digestive process. It also facilitates the passage of waste products from the liver into the duodenum, a portion of the small intestine.During laparoscopic gallstone surgery (cholecystectomy), the gallbladder and stones are removed via a series of tiny cuts (incisions) on the lower abdominal wall. To see correctly, the surgeon inflates your belly with air or carbon dioxide before performing the procedure.
Gallstones affect about 20% of the population. Gallstone-related complications include cholecystitis (infection of the gallbladder), cholangitis (blockage of the liver resulting in pain, fever, and jaundice), and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreatic juices).
Laparoscopic surgery is the best method
The surgeon makes a small incision around the belly button and inserts a laparoscope, a lighted scope connected to a video camera. To remove your gallbladder, the surgeon will utilize a video monitor as a guide while putting surgical tools into the other incisions made by the physician.
Patients are admitted to the hospital on the same day as the operation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be performed as a day operation, meaning that patients can return home the same day, or it can be accomplished overnight, and patients can be released the following morning.
Immediately after gallbladder or gallstone surgery, patients will be allowed to move about, eat something, and go to the toilet independently. Patients are allowed to wash and pat dry their wounds. For the first several weeks after surgery, taking a bath or going swimming is not recommended activity. Heavy lifting and physical activity are also discouraged during the first several weeks.
The laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder is a safe and successful procedure. Gallstones that have formed in the gallbladder are removed via surgery. It is not effective in removing stones from the common bile duct. In some instances, gallstones may develop in the common bile duct years after the gallbladder has been removed, although this is very uncommon.